Dandruff, Hair Care

What Causes Dandruff

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Dandruff is the manifestation of flaking of the scalp, resulting in itching, inflammation, redness and ugly while sport on hair locks. Dandruff is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. Here we are study indicating that dandruff could also be caused by a fungal infection on the scalp. Dandruff also results from the shedding of dead skin cells. Dandruff may occur when yeast like fungal infection, the maslassezia fungal infection grows unchecked on the scalp. Here we are describing all causes of dandruff.

What causes dandruff?

Dandruff can have several causes, including dry skin, not cleaning/scrubbing often enough, shampooing too regularly, or a east like fungal. Dry skin is the most important and common cause of detaching dandruff.

Dandruff is visible in the form of white flakes and can be uncomfortable when it collects on the collar or beck of shirts and T-shirts, leading to self esteem issues treatable either medically or psychologically.

What is malassezia  fungus? Is it a dandruff fungus?

This microscopic fungus is a normal native of your head, feeding off oil concealed by the hair follicles on the scalp. The by – products that are created when the feeding occurs cause itching and sometimes redness of the scalp.

In normal growth cycles, the malassezia fungus lives on the scalp without causing flaking or longing. It is when there is an overgrowth of the fungus that dandruff is caused, leading to excess cracking on the scalp and hair, a visible and uneasy condition.

Malassezia fungus

First theory:

Dandruff is caused by the immune system of the individual reacting to the fungus. This could occur due to a variety of conditions in the body, including body chemistry, excess perspiration and allergic reactions of the body to hair products.

These conditions could lead to the fungus growing unchecked, causing itchiness, irritation, and flaking and rapid cell turnover on the scalp.

As a result of excess growth, the normal cell turnover rate on the scalp, usually about a month, changes to about two weeks.

This leads to many dead cells being shed at the same time, forming greasy clumps that are clearly visible to the naked eye. The oil secreted by the scalp causes the clumps to the hair, leading to lifeless and dull hair.

Second theory:

Indicates that dandruff is caused by seborrheic dermatitis, or seborrhea, a type of skin rash that effects the scalp, leading to itching, redness and irritation.

This condition occurs most often in young adults, but can also occur at a more advanced age. This condition affects areas of the scalp where the sebaceous glands are present. These glands secrete oil or sebum to keep the hair strands soft and supple.

When the impervious system of individual reacts to the yeast germs present in the sebum, it leads to dandruff and cracking.

Dandruff gets worse when individuals are stressed, leading to clumps stuck to the hair. Cold and dry winters also trigger dandruff or worsen the conditions. Regular washes can clear the hair of dandruff and flakes while treatment with anti- Dandruff lotions can help to control dandruff and check further flaking of the hair.